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Uniting Arts through Hearts

Instruments India

Explore the fascinating genre of Indian music through our archive of images, sounds and videos. Instruments India is a rich and varied resource, and you can discover the background of each instrument, how it is played, and the type of setting it is normally played in.

If you are a beginner, student, expert or music lover, you can now enjoy a preview to a performance, find out more about a concert you have just seen, or get some background information on instruments in different settings.

Instruments India is the result of a partnership between MILAPFEST and LIVERPOOL HOPE UNIVERSITY, and the archive of instruments is a dynamic resource, which will grow on an ongoing basis.

Mandolin

Violin

The violin used in Indian classical music is similar to the one used in Western classical traditions.

Veena

The veena is among the oldest of Indian musical instruments.

Udukkai

The udukkai is an hourglass shaped, membranous drum used in devotional and folk music throughout India. 

Thavil

The thavil is a percussion instrument used for accompanying the nadaswaram

Tar Shenai

The Tar Shehnai is an esraj (bowed string instrument) with an added mechanical amplifier.

Tanpura

The tanpura is an instrument that acts as the reference chord in Indian classical music. 

Tabla

The tabla is the percussion instrument most commonly used in north Indian classical music.

Swarmandal

The swarmandal is a harp like instrument that is most commonly used as an accompaniment to Hindustani vocal music.

Sursrinagar

The sursringar is a rare string instrument that is used as a Hindustani solo instrument. 

Sitar

The sitar, a stringed instrument played by plucking, is one of the most well known Indian musical instruments.

Sangu

The sangu is a conch shell primarily used in religious music of Hinduism and Buddhism.

Sarod

The sarod is a lute like instrument that has connections with the lute like instruments of the Christian era

Sarangi

The Sarangi is a fretless, bowed string instrument used in Hindustani classical music and folk traditions of north India.

Santoor

The Santoor’s name comes from the name Shata- tantric, meaning a Veena of hundred strings.

Nadaswaram

The nadaswaram is a wind instrument made of wood and metal that is found in both classical and folk traditions in South India. 

Mridangam

The mridangam can be traced back to ancient Indian mythology.

Morsing

The morsing is a Carnatic percussion instrument. It is a tiny instrument held in the left hand.

Kanjira

The kanjira is a small handheld drum that resembles a tambourine.

Harmonium

The harmonium is an instrument that has its origins in the period of British rule in India.

Ghatam

The ghatam is an ancient percussion instrument in used Carnatic classical music.

E-Tanpura

An e-tanpura are often used in concert by many performers as a substitute for tanpura performers.

Dilruba

The dilruba or Esraj is a string instrument found in certain northern and western states of India.

Bansuri

The bansuri is a flute made of a single hollow shaft of bamboo.

Konnakol

konnakol is the art of recitation of ‘solkattu’ which are the vocal syllables of the mridangam.

Hindustani Vocal (Male)

The voice, and singing, are very important in Indian classical music. 

Ghungroo

Gunghroo comprises of several small metallic bells that are strung together and tied around the feet of dancers.

Carnatic Vocal (Female)

The voice, and singing, are very important in Indian classical music. 

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